Composition: It is composed of white-grey matter. The vertebral column (also known as the backbone or spine), is a tall, thin organ located dorsally that extends from the base of the spine to the pelvis. These bones are called vertebrae. Definition: The spinal cord is the nerve tissue dedicated for reflex action and it is an extension of the medulla oblongata. Choose from 500 different sets of vertebral biology flashcards on Quizlet. The adult vertebral column comprises 26 bones: the 24 vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx bones. It consists of a sequence of vertebrae (singular = vertebra), each of which is separated and united by an intervertebral disc.Together, the vertebrae and intervertebral discs form the vertebral column. bones of the cranium, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum: Term. It is a series of vertebrae that is extended from the bottom of the skull to the pelvis bone. Cards Return to Set Details. See more. ~ Structure, Function & Terminology The Human Brain: Structure & Functions What is a Neurotransmitter? The vertebral cavity is the posterior portion of the dorsal cavity, it contains the spinal cord within the vertebral column, the meninges and the fluid-filled spaces between them. Vertebral series in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) include cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and caudal.In contrast to studying skeletons from museums, in which small bones can be missed, evaluation of full body computed tomography (CT) scans provides an overview of the vertebral column, while maintaining interrelationship of all structures. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. Start studying Vertebral Column. In humans, it gives rise to all the nerves of the trunk and limbs. vertebra in Biology topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English vertebra ver‧te‧bra / ˈvɜːtəbrə $ ˈvɜːr- / noun ( plural vertebrae / -briː, -breɪ / ) [ countable ] HB one of the small hollow bones down the centre of your back — vertebral adjective [ only before noun ] Examples from the Corpus vertebra • I liked biology a lot more amoebas and vertebrae . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Backbone. The spinal cord travels through the vertebral foramen which sits anterior to the spinous process. Vertebral column also known as backbone is present through out the life. Vertebral Endochondral Ossification and Cartilage Endplate Formation. Term. The vertebral column is a series of approximately 33 bones called vertebrae, which are separated by intervertebral discs.. Medical Definition of Vertebra Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Vertebra: A vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans. Study 76 Unit 2 Concept A : Vertebral Column flashcards from Frank J. on StudyBlue. It is a cylindrical structure gradually becoming thin. In human anatomy, the vertebral column usually consists of 24 articulating vertebrae, [1] and 9 fused vertebrae in the sacrum and the coccyx.It is situated in the dorsal aspect of the torso, separated by intervertebral discs.It houses and protects the spinal cord in its spinal canal, and hence is commonly called the spine, or simply backbone. Unit 2 Concept A : Vertebral Column - Biology 2300 with Sachoff - StudyBlue Flashcards The order Primates, with its 300 or more species, is the third most diverse order of mammals, after rodents (Rodentia) and bats (Chiroptera). Vertebral definition is - of, relating to, or being vertebrae or the vertebral column : spinal. Vertebrae are formed through an endochondral ossification process, which starts around E11.5 in mice. The column can be divided into five different regions, with each region characterised by a different vertebral structure.. bral column (vûr′tə-brəl) The series of vertebrae extending from the base of the skull to the coccyx (tailbone) that forms the supporting axis of the body in vertebrate animals. Additional Biology Flashcards . In all, these are 33 vertebrae. Unit 2 Concept A : Vertebral Column - Biology 2300 with Sachoff at Columbus State Community College - StudyBlue In human anatomy, the vertebral column is a column usually consisting of 24 vertebrae, the sacrum, intervertebral discs, and the coccyx situated in the dorsal aspect of the torso, separated by spinal discs. The vertebral column, or spinal column, surrounds and protects the spinal cord, supports the head, and acts as an attachment point for the ribs and muscles of the back and neck. Definition. It is formed by the vertebrae through which the spinal cord passes. Function of Vertebral Column: The vertebral column functions to protect the spinal cord. It houses the spinal cord in its spinal canal. Vertebral column and Homology (biology) ... projects, ideas, documentation, surveys, summaries, or thesis. Vertebral column is a bony structure made up of vertebrae and protects the spinal cord in higher chordates. See more. The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.The vertebral column is the defining characteristic of a vertebrate in which the notochord (a flexible rod of uniform composition) found in all chordates has been replaced by a segmented series of bone: vertebrae separated by intervertebral discs. Spinal cord definition, the cord of nerve tissue extending through the spinal canal of the spinal column. Notochord lies between the dorsal nerve tube and the gut. Here is the definition, explanation, description, or the meaning of each significant on which you need information, and a list of their associated concepts as a glossary. It provides support to the body. Vertebral Column Bones • Anatomy & Function A collection of interactive tutorials demonstrating the different features of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal vertebrae in the human vertebral column. The column of nervous tissue that in vertebrates runs along the back, and that in bony animals is enclosed within the vertebral column. Backbone is also termed as the vertebral column or spine, spinal column. Vertebra definition, any of the bones or segments composing the spinal column, consisting typically of a cylindrical body and an arch with various processes, and forming a foramen, or opening, through which the spinal cord passes. Learn vertebral biology with free interactive flashcards. Primate, in zoology, any mammal of the group that includes the lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the vertebral column – its function, structure, and clinical significance. lumbar vertebra: one of the five largest segments of the movable part of the vertebral column, distinguished by the absence of a foramen in the transverse process and by vertebral bodies without facets between the sacrum and thoracic vertebrae. How to use vertebral in a sentence. Full article >>> A vertebra is an individual bone in the flexible column that defines vertebrate animals, via humans. vertebral column, spinal column or backbone the series of vertebrae surrounding the SPINAL CORD.Each vertebra consists of a centrum which replaces the embryonic NOTOCHORD, a neural arch covering the spinal cord and often a haemal arch enclosing blood vessels.Transverse processes may also be present to which ribs articulate. Many primates have high levels of intelligence. It is originated from the medulla oblongata and passes through the neural canal of the vertebral column. ; Viewed laterally the vertebral column presents several curves that correspond to the different regions of the column. Pauline Colombier, Makarand V. Risbud, in Developmental Biology and Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering, 2018. Backbone Definition. Learn / Biology / Backbone. what is the axial skeleton? The Vertebral Column. The vertebral column (or spinal column) is made of a number of bones. The vertebral column houses the spinal canal, a … The vertebral column is also known as the spinal column or spine (Figure 1). Study 76 Unit 2 Concept A : Vertebral Column flashcards from Elizabeth B. on StudyBlue. Examples of vertebral column in the following topics: General Characteristics of the Spine. In higher chordates (Vertebrates) it is present only during embryonic stages . 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