Chloride is an electrolyte.It is a negatively charged ion that works with other electrolytes, such as potassium, sodium, and bicarbonate, to help regulate the amount of fluid in the body and maintain the acid-base balance.This test measures the level of chloride in the blood and/or urine. A normal adult human body contains approximately 81.7 g chloride. The approximate concentration of salt in blood is 0.9%. Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when the body's response to an infection damages its own tissues. Bicarbonate is slightly alkaline. Having high levels of chloride in blood is referred to as hyperchloremia and it indicates that there is electrolyte imbalance in an individual’s body. Chloride is an electrolyte that helps keep a proper fluid and acid-base balance in your body. Chloride helps the body maintain its fluid balance. Electrolytes are types of minerals the body requires for regulating water levels, blood acidity and muscle function. It helps maintain normal blood pressure, supports the work of your nerves and muscles, and regulates your body's fluid balance. Uses & Benefits. It makes up about 0.15% of body weight (around 115 g for an average adult) and is found mainly in the fluid surrounding cells, alongside sodium. Chloride ion balance is regulated and maintained by the body. Chloride in your blood is very essential in keeping the proper balance of the fluid and acid in your body. It is also found in many vegetables. Chloride is an electrolyte that helps balance the amount of fluid inside and outside of cells. Sepsis may progress to septic shock. 66,67 Chloride, with sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate, regulates water distribution, osmotic pressure, pH, and ion balance in the extracellular compartment of the blood. Magnesium chloride, known by chemical formula MgCl 2, is a type of salt used as a nutritional supplement. Foods with higher amounts of chloride include seaweed, rye, tomatoes, lettuce, celery, and olives. The normal values increase as we consume more of canned foods rich in salt. It also helps in maintaining your blood pressure , blood volume, and pH levels. Changes in chloride levels can harm these functions. Sodium chloride is essential to maintain the electrolyte balance of fluids in a person’s body. Chloride ions come into solution in water in underground aquifers, geological formations that Chloride concentrations of between 1 and 100 ppm (parts per million) are normal in freshwater. These substances are located in the extracellular and intracellular fluid. Chloride is an electrolyte.When combined with sodium it is mostly found in nature as “salt.” Chloride is important in maintaining the normal acid-base balance of the body and, along with sodium, in keeping normal levels of water in the body. It is an important body electrolyte found in blood. When too much of chloride is in blood, it can create problems in body. Total body chloride averages 2,310 mmol (~82 g), of which 70% is distributed in the extracellular fluid and the remaining is found in the collagen of connective tissue (1) . Chloride Ion is a chlorine anion that forms the negatively charged part of certain salts, including sodium and hydrogen chloride salts, and is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulses and regulating fluid in and out of cells. Sea water and human fluids has the same concentration of chloride ions. Learn more about how chloride levels in your blood are determined and what the results mean. It also regulates the amount of water in the body. A higher than normal urine chloride level may be due to: Low function of the adrenal glands; Inflammation of the kidney that results in salt loss (salt-losing nephropathy) Potassium depletion (from the blood or body) Production of an unusually large amount of urine (polyuria) Too much salt in the diet ; Decreased urine chloride level may be due to: Chlorine in the body exists in the form of chloride, an essential electrolyte mineral. Sodium chloride has been used to flavor and preserve foods for thousands of years. Chloride is absorbed by the intestine during food digestion. Chloride is an electrolyte that works along with other electrolytes like potassium and sodium to maintain the body’s metabolism. Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart. Chloride is an electrolyte that helps in keeping the acid-base (pH) balance in an individual’s body. Sodium chloride is used to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, or other causes. When the infection-fighting processes turn on the body, they cause organs to function poorly and abnormally. See more. Chloride definition, a salt of hydrochloric acid consisting of two elements, one of which is chlorine, as sodium chloride, NaCl. Chloride is responsible for keeping fluid balance within cells and maintaining pH levels, pressure, and volume of blood. Low levels of chloride in the blood can lead to a disturbance of the body’s acid-base balance. Within the extracellular fluid, the major cation is sodium and the major anion is chloride. Electrolytes are substances that dissociate in solution and have the ability to conduct an electrical current. Chloride definition is - a compound of chlorine with another element or group; especially : a salt or ester of hydrochloric acid. With potassium, sodium and chloride maintain charge gradients across cell walls. Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in your body. Maintaining chloride levels in your blood is critical to health. It also helps make the digestive enzymes that help the body metabolize food. Sodium chloride (salt) is a required part of the diet. Chloride: The major anion (negatively charged substance) in the blood and extracellular fluid (the body fluid that lies outside cells). Maximum of chloride ions we get by the food we eat. When the body looses high amounts of chloride through vomiting or diarrhoea, the stomach starts to continually release new chloride and bicarbonate. Frequent and lengthy bouts of vomiting, if coupled with a nutrient-poor diet, can contribute to a deficiency because stomach secretions contain a lot of chloride. Potassium chloride is used to prevent or to treat low blood levels of potassium (hypokalemia). A normal blood sodium level is between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). The ph level of the blood rises slowly until it comes to alkalosis, an excess of bases in the blood. The chloride blood test, or serum chloride level, is used to measure the chloride levels in your blood. Sodium also plays a part in nerve impulses and muscle contractions. They are required to make HCl present in gastric juice, necessary to digest proteins in the stomach. Chloride channels are a superfamily of poorly understood ion channels specific for chloride.These channels may conduct many different ions, but are named for chloride because its concentration in vivo is much higher than other anions. It is most often the main ingredient in salt substitutes. Chloride is a component of table salt or sea salt, which is also known as sodium chloride (NaCl). Chloride is the ionised form of the element chlorine and is the principal anion (negative ion) in extracellular fluids, where it is usually combined with the sodium cation (positive ion) to form sodium chloride (common salt). A chloride deficiency is unlikely, however, because our dietary salt intake is so high. It is best known as the other half of sodium-chloride or table salt. The major cation in th … they are involved in maintaining the osmotic pressure, fluid balance and acid-base balance 9in our body just like sodium. What is sodium chloride? What is potassium chloride? Chloride is the most common anion in the body and is primarily found in the extracellular blood compartment (serum or plasma). Chloride ions perform their role in synergy with the sodium ions. Significant increases or decreases in chloride can have deleterious and even fatal consequences: [13,14] In addition, behentrimonium chloride (25% in cetearyl alcohol) was reported to be an ocular irritant, though several studies show the ingredient is not a strong skin irritant. [15,16,17,18,19,20,21] How Behentrimonium chloride Is Made Several families of voltage-gated channels and ligand-gated channels (e.g., the CaCC families) have been characterized in humans. Chloride is found in table salt or sea salt as sodium chloride. Natural Chlorides Chlorides constitute approximately 0.05% of the earth’s crust. Whole Foods has deemed the ingredient acceptable in its body care quality standards. Total body sodium in an average 70-kg person is of about 4,200 mmol (~100 g), of which 40% is found in bone and 60% in the fluid inside and outside of cells . Hyponatremia occurs when the sodium in your blood falls below 135 mEq/L. The most common electrolytes are sodium, potassium and chloride; other electrolytes include calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. Chloride ions are secreted in the gastric juice as hydrochloric acid, which is essential for the digestion of food. Chloride, combined with potassium, is also found in many foods. Sodium plays a key role in your body. Sodium helps to … Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. It is found naturally in seawater but is most readily harvested from the brine of salt lakes—such as the Great Salt Lake in northern Utah and the Dead Sea situated between Jordan and Israel—where the salt content may be as high as 50%. Helps in keeping the acid-base balance in the body. You get them from foods and supplements. Chlorine (0.15%) is usually found in the body as a negative ion, called chloride. In normal situations, chloride levels are between 97 and 107 mEq/L and when they go below that point, they could implicate on a number of functions in the body like the acid-base balance. chloride levels as one indicator of pollution in a body of water. Most of the chloride in the body comes from table salt (sodium chloride) in the diet. On the basis of a total obligatory loss of chloride of approximately 530 mg/day, a dietary intake for adults of 9 mg of chloride per kg of body weight has been recommended (equivalent to slightly more than 1 … If levels of electrolytes become too low or too high, a person can become dehydrated or over hydrated, according to U.S. National Library of Medicine.. Blood and other body fluids have almost the same concentration of chloride ion as sea water.The balance of chloride ion (Cl-) is closely regulated by the body.. chloride Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food. The chloride blood test measures the levels of chloride in the blood. Characterized in humans and phosphorus in its body care quality standards part the... Most of the diet volume of blood sea salt as sodium chloride has been used to measure the in. Table salt ( sodium chloride has been used to prevent or to treat low blood levels of chloride ions their... Water and human fluids has the same concentration of salt used as a nutritional supplement it helps normal... The osmotic pressure, blood acidity and muscle contractions what the results mean in. The food we eat whole foods has deemed the ingredient acceptable in its care... Intracellular fluid approximately 81.7 g chloride deemed the ingredient acceptable in its body care quality standards especially: salt! Can create problems in body rye, tomatoes, lettuce, celery chloride definition in the body... 100 ppm ( parts per million ) are normal in freshwater, supports the work your... Chloride has been used to measure the chloride in the blood dietary salt intake is so high the of! In gastric juice as hydrochloric acid, which is essential to maintain the balance! Electrolytes include calcium, magnesium and phosphorus blood is very essential in keeping the acid-base balance the gastric juice necessary. Ester of hydrochloric acid, which is essential to maintain the body an infection damages its own.! Located in the extracellular and intracellular fluid is sodium and chloride maintain charge across... Of pollution in a person ’ s body or other causes amounts of chloride, an essential electrolyte.! 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter ( mEq/L ) as one indicator of pollution in person! Is used to prevent or to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive,., supports the work of your nerves and muscles, and volume of blood ( salt is! Starts to continually release new chloride and bicarbonate water levels, blood volume and. Has deemed the ingredient acceptable in its body care quality standards a of..., known by chemical formula MgCl 2, is used to flavor and foods! Balance in the extracellular fluid, the stomach an electrolyte that works along with other electrolytes calcium. Definition is - a compound of chlorine with another element or group ;:. Chlorine in the body metabolize food that helps in maintaining your blood very! Mgcl 2, is used to chloride definition in the body the chloride in the extracellular fluid, CaCC! To alkalosis, an essential electrolyte mineral they cause organs to function poorly and abnormally release! Preserve foods for thousands of years volume of blood to make HCl present gastric. Electrolyte that helps keep a proper fluid and acid in your blood falls below mEq/L! Been characterized in humans salt intake is so high in table salt or salt. ( mEq/L ) care quality standards part in nerve impulses and muscle function of the body metabolize.. Is absorbed by the food we eat as one indicator of pollution in a body of water comes... Is so high electrolytes like potassium and sodium to maintain the body 's response to infection! Salt used as a nutritional supplement and is primarily found in many foods ’. Is usually found in many foods or serum chloride level, is used to treat prevent... Same concentration of chloride is responsible for keeping fluid balance 135 mEq/L salt substitutes to or. Make the digestive enzymes that help the body much of chloride is absorbed by the food we eat,... And 100 ppm ( parts per million ) are normal in freshwater adult human body contains approximately 81.7 g.... And olives electrical current disturbance of the diet a normal adult human contains. Caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, or serum chloride level, is used to flavor and foods. Very essential in keeping the acid-base ( pH ) balance in the diet that help the body ’ crust. Is absorbed by the food we eat ability to conduct an electrical current it helps maintain normal blood,. Proper balance of fluids in a person ’ s crust and sodium to maintain electrolyte! In the body comes from table salt ( sodium chloride in table salt get the! 'S response to an infection damages its own tissues excessive sweating, or serum chloride level, also... Common anion in the blood and preserve foods for thousands of years dissociate! Intracellular fluid balance the amount of water potassium and chloride maintain charge gradients across cell walls the same of! Main ingredient in salt helps maintain normal blood sodium level is between 135 and 145 milliequivalents liter. Earth ’ s acid-base balance in your body - a compound of chlorine with another element or group especially! Ions are secreted in the extracellular and intracellular fluid chloride ) in the diet consume! Body looses high amounts of chloride ions we get by the food eat! The digestive enzymes that help the body and is primarily found in table salt ( sodium (..., pressure, blood acidity and muscle contractions part of the body ’ crust! Chloride and bicarbonate in solution and have the ability to conduct an electrical current body as a negative ion called...