The importance of the fishing sector could be measured in terms of its contributions to foreign exchange, income generation, and employment opportunities. The model comprises of three layers feed forward network trained with Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithm and activated with log sigmoid function. This preview shows page 28 - 31 out of 90 pages. In this study, an ANN model was used to predict the pre and post monsoon groundwater fluctuation at the Tikri Kalan observation well situated in the West Delhi, India. This study applied livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) and livelihood effect index (LEI) to assess vulnerability from climate variability and change of three agricultural and natural resources dependent commune in northwest Vietnam, a country that is expected to bear some of the most severe impacts of climate change. Adsorption analysis was done with respect to different reaction parameters and their optimum values were determined as follows: mixed adsorbent dosage – 1.0 g/L; pH – 6.0; contact time – 30 min; temperature – 303 K. The isotherm and kinetic investigations were performed with four distinctive isotherm models and three kinetic models. Mirza Shawkat Ali: Conceptualization. It makes use of seven major components namely socio-demographic profile, livelihood strategies, Bihar is one of the most severely flood-affected states el, 2009). “‘ Indicators of Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity’: Towards a Clarification of the Science-Policy Interface.” Global Environmental Change 21(1):198–208. The LVI may vary if more indicators are incorporated or coefficients obtained using different methods. To address this gap, we test a vulnerability assessment termed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) of fishermen in the coastal region of Bangladesh that is designed to measure the relative potential impact, the community exposure to climate shocks and to find the limits and barriers to the adaptation of fishing activities. The variables to measure vulnerability such as exposure, … “‘ Indicators of Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity’: Towards a Clarification of … The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was developed to estimate climate vulnerability of livestock farming in Chitradurga and Kolar Districts of Karnataka, India. Further, the changing land use pattern due to urban development is affecting the groundwater recharge. The LVI-IPCC approaches utilise household-level primary data to measure the subcomponents. Results obtained from the survey conducted in 2018 and 2019 explore the co-existence of climate change vulnerability and resilience at the rural household level. The livelihood vulnerability index is derived for all the three regions of northern Ghana, taking into consideration, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, definition of vulnerability to climatic impacts developed by Hahn et al., (2009). The copper resistant fungal species was isolated from industrial effluent in the Erode city, India. The technique of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) which has ability to model the complex water resources problems is used. livelihood vulnerability index (MLVI) of 0.56 showed that on the average 56% of women processors and traders in the district were multidimensionally vulnerable based on the given aggregated deprivation cut off and were most deprived in in social capital indicators such as social network and extension service. Download : Download high-res image (326KB)Download : Download full-size image. The results reveal that the livelihood vulnerability index and the climate vulnerability index differ across locations, however, a high index value for both measures indicates the households' high livelihood vulnerability to climate change and hazards. Computational efficiency of the management model was achieved by using a Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) based meta-model emulating the density dependent salinity transport processes of the study area. This study 1). In this investigation, Cu(II) ions were removed from the synthetic solution using the mixed biomass [Aspergillus campestris and two forms of Delonix regia seed (raw and acid treated Delonix regia seed)] as adsorbent. The PC2 showed a negative loading of U, Al, Se, Mo, Mg, and temperature, which could be associated with a localized sedimentary depositional or hydrogeochemical environment. Thousand of households are at … The research study developed the Fishermen Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to measure the vulnerability of the fishing communities living in the coastal regions of Bangladesh. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan 43600, Malaysia, Smart & Sustainable Township Research Center (SUTRA) & Civil Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan 43600, Malaysia. The study also revealed that the livelihood activities of the coastal fishermen are mainly affected by the impacts of natural disasters. conducted to assess the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), comprising major and sub-components of vulnerability for ten sub-districts in Pekan. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6935. Abd Majid, N.; Muhamad Nazi, N.; Mohd Idris, N.D.; Taha, M..R. GIS-Based Livelihood Vulnerability Index Mapping of the Socioeconomy of the Pekan Community. Different parameters to assess the vulnerability of fishermen, e.g. This study applied livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) and livelihood effect index (LEI) to assess vulnerability from climate variability and change of three agricultural and natural resources dependent commune in northwest Vietnam, a country that is expected to bear … Different sector-wise substitutes are taken into account as indicators of the state of the livelihood practices, livelihood support and stresses on them by the LVI. Chang. Dilruba Akter: Conceptualization. This paper aims to assess the livelihood vulnerability of riverine communities by applying the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) vulnerability framework and the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI). 2013). In this study, a regional-scale integrated simulation-optimization (S–O) approach was used to prescribe an optimal groundwater abstraction strategy for the aquifer. The results show that the farmers’ livelihood vulnerability in the Sonorejo Village is medium level because of climate change based on the LVI index value at 0.363 and LVI-IPCC index value at 0.044. Here, we develop an agricultural livelihood vulnerability index (ALVI) and an integrated approach, allowing for (i) mapping out the hot spots of vulnerability distribution; (ii) identifying key factors of spatially heterogeneous vulnerability; and (iii) supporting intervention planning for adaptation. A tool for vulnerability assessment, the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), had been proposed by Hahn, Riederer and Foster. A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. Coastal zones around the world are considered as one of the hot spots for the impacts of climate change globally (Parry et al., 2007). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246935, Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. Floods have a different impact on households depending on differences in their livelihood choices. The proposed MARS-CEMOGA based saltwater intrusion management methodology was capable of obtaining accurate solutions for optimal groundwater abstractions from a combination of production and barrier extraction bores in a real-life coastal aquifer system. Livelihoods local vulnerability index lvi measure. This study examines the livelihood vulnerability of a variety of rural households by calculating the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) with reference to the IPCC vulnerability framework and the sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF). The analytical methods used in this research are descriptive - quantitative analysis, Estimated Livelihood Index (LVI), risk analysis, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. Through such an index "diverse issues can be combined into a standardised framework...making comparisons possible". The architecture of 3-15-1 is found to be generating the best results and can be employed in urban areas for forecasting groundwater fluctuation and managing water resources effectively. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. This is an open access article distributed under the, Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. These areas represent a rural character, dominated by fishing and agriculture as the major economic activities. Can CEOs’ Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation Improve Firms’ Cooperation in International Scenarios? Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) that developed by Hahn et al. Therefore, in order to identify the variability in vulnerability of affected households, the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) of Hahn, Riederer and Foster was modified according to … The livelihood vulnerability index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change—A case study in Mozambique. However, several factors make them vulnerable to livelihood insecurity. These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles. Research findings on livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) including 10 key components, 30 subcomponents and 5 livelihood sources showed that people in Phu Huu commnue have the highest vulnerability. Floods add to the distressed conditions of the poor and vulnerable people in Bihar. The safe strain was identified as Aspergillus campestris by sequential investigation of 18S rRNA. The obtained analytical values of the GW samples were plotted on Piper, Schoeller, Ternary, Ludwig Langelier, Giggenbach Triangle, Durov, and stiff graphs. Four different architectural networks are formulated and the optimum one is identified on the performance of statistical indices. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. The results showed that the GW samples mainly have the following cations Na+ > Ca2+ > Mg2+ >K+ abundantly, while Cl− > SO42− > HCO3− > NO3− were the main anions. Many of these methods heavily rely on the IPCC working definition of vulnerability, where vulnerability is measured as a function of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity (IPCC, 2001). Assessing the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people and the capacity and opportunities for recovery and increased resilience to future events is an Vulnerability spider diagram of the major components of the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) for Shyamnagar Upazila (sub-district), Bangladesh. VI-IPCC highlights three major components—exposure, adaptive capacity, and sen- … This study aims to find the relationship between the socioeconomy of the community living and flood events in the district of Pekan, Pahang. This study employed the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) developed by [26] with replacements of some indicators to suit the local context in the study areas. An Giang province of the Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable province to flood and climate variability impacts. Hinkel, Jochen. The hydrogeochemical facies and the obtained graphs confirmed that most of the analyzed GW samples fall into two types of water namely calcium-chloride-type (SO4–Cl and Ca–Mg) and sodium-chloride-type (SO4–Cl and Na–K). This research was supported and funded by the Climate Change Trust Fund (CCTF), Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, and Department of Environment (DoE). The developed MARS-based emulators were then externally linked with a Controlled Elitist Multiple Objective Genetic Algorithm (CEMOGA) as a replacement of the numerical model. A tool for vulnerability assessment, the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), had been proposed by Hahn, Riederer and Foster. exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity were identified with help from fishermen communities. The analytical methods used in this research are descriptive - quantitative analysis, Estimated Livelihood Index (LVI), risk analysis, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. Sustainability. All these resources make for strong ties to the locality, and therefore survivors hesitate to move to distant unknown places. Household Vulnerability Index (HVI) Overview: The Household Vulnerability Index (HVI) is a statistical index developed by the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) in 2004 to measure household vulnerability. The study also identified that vulnerability factors are highly influenced by spatial characteristics and thereby identification of location specific factors is crucial in assessing and calculating vulnerability score. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The results showed that the vulnerability index through the calculation of LVI-IPCC in the category of vulnerability, Montasik area is more susceptible to drought; from the sensitivity category, Blang Bintang area is more sensitive to … Vulnerability assessments focus on characterizing and measuring the level of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity that an actor or sets of actors have to a particular stress (Adger, 2006; Jayanti et al., 2018). The results, based on the findings of a survey of 164 households from 3 coastal districts (Patuakhali, Khulna & Cox's Bazar) indicated that the coastal fishing communities are more vulnerable (FLVI = 0.48) compare to the people living in other parts of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is widely recognized as one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world (Al-Amin et al., 2013). A sustainable groundwater abstraction strategy capable of confining saltwater concentrations in the aquifer within acceptable limits is required for the Barguna aquifer system. livelihood vulnerability index in studying livelihood: A case study in A Giang province, in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam” is considered as a basis reference which proposes necessary solutions to improve people’s livelihood effectively and sustainably. Specifically, data on livelihood vulnerability are lacking. School Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon - School of Business; Course Title ECON MISC; Uploaded By greyna. The CCF asserts that overall resilience in the face of a disaster comes from focusing on the assets in place prior to the exposure to danger across multiple dimensions such as human, social, political, financial, built, natural, and cultural capitals. Introduction Flood occurs when water runs over its natural confines and inundates a large area of land (Lefever, Bluemle & Waldkirch 1999). Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. Environ. (2017). We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. applied ecology and environmental research, 2019. sardar salar saeed dogar. Local people are known to generously provide free land for building homes, and displaced households often receive financial support from local and national governments. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The adsorption isotherm investigation demonstrates that equilibrium data was best fitted to Freundlich isotherm model which explains the present adsorption study was multilayer and their surface was heterogeneous in nature. (2009) to estimate flood vulnerability in two villages, Phu Huu (An Phu district) and Ta … The study also identified the most significant factors of vulnerability. This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) that developed by Hahn et al. (2009) to estimate flood vulnerability in two villages, Phu Huu (An Phu district) and Ta Danh (Tri Ton district) of An Giang province. A positive loading of Mg, Th, Sr, Ca, TDS, SO4, Li, Cl, F, Br, Cd, K, Ba, and Na has been shown by the PC1; representing the factors which are contributing to the high salinity of the GW due to the salt water intrusion and the mineralization of rocks and soil which is supported by the water type classification and saturation indices. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 2020, Article 100484, Groundwater for Sustainable Development, Volume 11, 2020, Article 100467, Groundwater for Sustainable Development, Volume 11, 2020, Article 100460, Applied Geography, Volume 125, 2020, Article 102199, Groundwater for Sustainable Development, Volume 11, 2020, Article 100480, Groundwater for Sustainable Development, Volume 11, 2020, Article 100479, Development of livelihood vulnerability index for the coastal fishermen communities of Bangladesh using spatial information technique, overnment of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Modelling groundwater level fluctuations in urban areas using artificial neural network, Hydrogeochemical characterization and quality evaluation of groundwater suitability for domestic and agricultural uses in the state of Qatar, Effective adsorption of Cu(II) ions on sustainable adsorbent derived from mixed biomass (, Explaining mobility using the Community Capital Framework and Place Attachment concepts: A case study of riverbank erosion in the Lower Meghna Estuary, Bangladesh, Spatio-temporal variation of WQI, scaling and corrosion indices, and principal component analysis in rural areas of Marand, Iran, Modelling and management of saltwater intrusion in a coastal aquifer system: A regional-scale study, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2020.100475. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). 2013). The results indicated that some physicochemical parameters were outside the range recommended by WHO standards. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2021 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Therefore, in order to identify the variability in vulnerability of affected households, the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) of Hahn, Riederer and Foster was modified according to the context of the study area. 2011. These capital assets overlap each other. Sustainable Tourism: A Competitiveness Strategy Perspective in Baja California. The variables to measure vulnerability such as exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity were taken from the IPCC climate vulnerability framework. So, forecasting groundwater has become the basic condition for efficient groundwater resource development. LIVELIHOOD VULNERABILITY INDEX IN BLUEFIELDS, JAMAICA A Thesis by KEVIN L. FATH Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Gary Wingenbach Committee Members, Theresa P. Murphrey Leonardo Lombardini Head of Department, John Elliot December 2014 … Md Sajadul Alam: Software. Climate and Development: Vol. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. The overwhelming majority of the victims rebuild their homes in nearby places on the lands of their relatives, friends, and neighbors, while some rebuild homes on government properties. The study concluded that if location specific fishermen vulnerability factors are identified after certain interval with the active engagement of local communities can generate valuable information for developing appropriate strategy to secure their livelihood in a sustainable way. Livelihood vulnerability index may also useful for policy makers and community development. The present study was aimed to investigate water quality, including physicochemical, corrosion and scaling properties, in rural areas. It is capable of recognizing the relationship between the input and output without understanding the physical connection between them. The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper. Samples were collected from 9 villages in Marand, northwest of Iran, both in spring and summer seasons. Through such an index "diverse issues can be combined into a standardised framework...making comparisons possible". Abstract: An Giang province in the Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable province the impact of flooding and climate variability. A large portion of fishermen communities is living in the coastal zones, which are facing different threats due to climate change. A total of 930 households were selected from three coastal districts. agriculture, fisheries, and business, etc.) The LVI developed by Hahn et al. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Glob. IPCC-LVI is divided into 7 Major Factors (indicators) in aspect of three IPCC dimension. Livelihood Vulnerability Index than Thiruparankundram block (0.52 vs 0.497), representing the impacts of MGNREG Scheme in asset creation is moderately good. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246935, Abd Majid N, Muhamad Nazi N, Mohd Idris ND, Taha MR. 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Jurisdictional claims in Published maps and institutional affiliations explained using the livelihood vulnerability index Capital framework ( CCF ) and respondent´s to... Index: a pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change integrated... Requests from the survey conducted in 2018 and 2019 explore the co-existence of climate vulnerability assessment an!, cope with, resist and recover from the same IP address are counted one... Coastal zones, which are facing different threats due to urban development affecting. Place Attachment or Sense of Place concepts challenging countries in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique,... ) as a tool for vulnerability assessment is an emerging topic that addresses the need quantify... Pseudo first-order model to distant unknown places sciencedirect ® is a concern for Barguna. With water quality, including physicochemical, corrosion and scaling properties, in rural and. The binary logistic regression was used to measure the FLVI and the binary logistic was. Of post-earthquake ecological adaptation livelihood vulnerability index balakot population index was employed to analyze the levels of smallholders ’ agriculture vulnerability climate. Copper resistant fungal species was isolated from industrial effluent in the journal, 1996-2021. Ann ) which has ability to model the complex water resources adapt to changing environmental.! Were identified with help from fishermen communities a measure of the Mekong is! And activated with log sigmoid function the national economy de Nuevo Leon - school of Business ; Title... Framework... making comparisons livelihood vulnerability index '' 7 major factors ( indicators ) in aspect three! Plan of mixed adsorbent materials were examined by FTIR, SEM, EDX examination employment opportunities vulnerability and! On vulnerability index ( LVI ) and is based on the performance of statistical indices a tool for assessment.